Search museums


Search collections

Magyar Nemzeti Galéria Régi Magyar Gyűjtemény [RMO_55.900]

The Virgin and Child from the Church of Saint Philip and Saint James in Toporc (today Toporec, Slovakia)

Madonna a toporci Szent Fülöp és Jakab-templomból (Magyar Nemzeti Galéria CC BY-NC-SA)
Provenance/Rights: Magyar Nemzeti Galéria (CC BY-NC-SA)


One of the oldest wooden sculptures in our collection was part of the earliest original furniture of the parish church of Szepes County. There are several other sculptures of the Virgin originating from the same area and from Lesser Poland, all from the first half of the 14th century, which are related to this masterpiece, not only in terms of their style, but also by a quite rare feature: the head of the infant Jesus can be removed and could be moved from a hidden position. As the faithful watched, Jesus would come alive before their very eyes, and the ceremony may even have been accompanied by dialogue between the Virgin and her Child.These “active Madonna statues” might be the memories of a local liturgical practice. Most closely related in style to this sculpture is the Virgin from Ruszkin (today Ruskinovce, Slovakia), a village not far from Toporc, which is now in the Slovakian National Gallery (Slovenská národná galéria) in Bratislava. Supposedly, both were made in the same workshop, around the same time, but the sculpture from Toporc boasts superior artistic qualities.


lindenwood, with traces of gilding


115.5 cm

Created ...
... When


Object from: Magyar Nemzeti Galéria

Az 1957-ben alapított Magyar Nemzeti Galéria az ország egyik legnagyobb múzeuma, a magyar képzőművészet legnagyobb gyűjteménye. ...

[Last update: ]

Usage and citation

Cite this page
The textual information presented here is free for non-commercial usage if the source is named. (Creative Commons Lizenz 3.0, by-nc-sa) Please name as source not only the internet representation but also the name of the museum.
Rights for the images are shown below the large images (which are accessible by clicking on the smaller images). If nothing different is mentioned there the same regulation as for textual information applies.
Any commercial usage of text or image demands communication with the museum.